is the detached residencial building commissioned by
Manuel Vicens in the city of Gràcia, which became
a part of Barcelona in 1897. Built as a summer residence,
Casa Vicens has a structure with four levels (basement,
ground floor, and two other floors) and has everything
necessary for comfort in the summer, such as good interior
ventilation and a large garden.
is Gaudís first important work, handled
with simplicity of construction, with straight lines
predominating over curved ones, and with a marked presence
of features with an Arabic inspiration, such as the
interior plaster and exterior brick moucharabies.
architect personally directed all of the decorative
work, of which the colorful ceramic covering of the
facades and that of the gallery open to the garden,
the smoking room, and the dining room, of which he designed
part of the furniture, stand out.
the property was entered from the street through a cast
iron door, which is partially conserved today, with
a repeated motive of buds among the leaves of a dwarf
palm, the only palm tree indigenous to Europe, which
grows on the Catalan coast. This design of Gaudís
was modelled by Llorenç Matamala, a sculptor
friend of his who, years later, would direct the sculpture
workshop of the Sagrada Família.
1925, the house was made larger by Joan Baptista Serra
de Martínez, with Gaudís approval,
doubling the inhabitable surface area, while respecting
the volume and the exterior shapes.
Vicens continues to be a private residence, and has
been conserved relatively intact, although the garden,
which originally included an artificial waterfall and
the popular fountain dedicated to Saint Rita, has been
partially mutilated to make room for new buildings.
is registered in the historical-artistic Catalogue of
the Architectural Heritage of the City of Barcelona.
Item of National Interest since 1969.