monumental building for housing, built on the citys
most prestigious street, it was soon given the name
La Pedrera by the people of Barcelona, thanks
to its rocky outer appearance.
Milà, built with a language that broke molds
during its period, was Gaudís last civil
work; he did not finish the final phase of the project
because of the differences that he had with the owners,
due to the high cost of the construction. The architect
occupied a 1620 m2 lot, of which 1323 m2 were built
as an undulating curve, both exterior and the interior,
incorporating multiple solutions with quadric geometry,
as well as naturalistic elements. The building is, in
reality, two estates (with independent entries joined
by a single facade), and although each one has a central
patio, the residence of the Milà family disposed
of the total surface area of both.
structure of the building is of pillars of stone and
brick, freeing the facade from weight-bearing functions,
allowing large openings to let air and light in. This
original characteristic, new with regard to the traditional
main walls, even today allows any partition to be torn
down without it affecting the solidity of the construction.
The pillar system allowed the nine levels of the house
to be designated for different uses: the basement, a
garage for automobiles (the first in Barcelona), the
ground floor, for commercial establishments, the mezzanine
for offices, the first (or main) floor, for the home
of the owners, the four upper floors for renting, and
the attic for laundry. Above the attic, made up of a
group of parabolic arches of brick laid flat, Gaudí
built a roof terrace, topped with surprising chimneys,
fans, and stairway exits with sculptural volumes.
the rest of the house, other features also stand out,
such as the curious iron structure that supports the
circular patio, the vestibules, the wrought iron of
the balconies, the false plaster ceilings with dynamic
reliefs, the woodwork of doors, windows, and furniture
(today dispersed), the design of doorknobs, handles,
pulls, and peepholes, as well as a hexagonally-shaped
hydraulic pavement that the Barcelona City Hall has
taken as a model for covering the sidewalks of Passeig
Milà has become, over time, one of the symbols
of Barcelona. In 1986, it was acquired by the financial
institution Caixa Catalunya, which, after restoring
it, installed a temporary exhibit space and a permanent
one: Espai Gaudí.
Item of National Interest since 1969.
Cultural Item of World Heritage for UNESCO since 1984.