remodelling and modernization of a building between
two others for commercial use and housing, for the textile
industrialist Josep Batlló, located on the most
cosmopolitan street of the city. Along with Casa Amatller
(Josep Puig i Cadafalch, 1899-1900) and Casa Lleó
Morera (Lluís Domènech i Montaner, 1903-1905)
it makes up the block of discord, so called
because a single block of buildings has three artistic
solutions from the same time period, but with different
Casa Batlló, Gaudí tore down the whole
main facade of the old building and built a new one,
with fluid shapes, sinuous undulations, and an elaborate
outer covering of glassy trencadís that shines
with differing intensity according to the way the sunlight
hits it. The building consists of seven levels (basement,
ground floor and mezzanine, four floors, and attics).
On the mezzanine, destined for the residence of the
owners, a large gallery juts out, with bony, naturalistic
shapes that are very expressive; it includes a guillotine-type
window with an ingenious system that allows it to be
architect also made the interior patios of the old building
larger, in order to allow air and light to enter, through
a large, central skylight that illuminates the interiors
all the way down to the ground floor. He also remodelled
the back facade, planning a new distribution of the
flats and building a new roof with parabolic arches
covered with large ceramic scales in various colors,
finished with a four-armed cross.
paid special attention to the Batlló residence:
he invented ingenious tricks for good lighting and ventilation
for the spaces, made the ceilings and walls without
solutions of continuity, and designed the furniture,
from the doors, to the tables, chairs, easy chairs,
and even the home's private chapel.
order to carry out his project, he relied on the collaboration
of the architects Domènec Sugrañes, Josep
Canaleta, Josep Maria Jujol, and Joan Rubió,
the sculptors Llorenç and Joan Matamala, Josep
Llimona, and Carles Mani, the Badia wrought iron workshop,
the carpentry workshop Casas i Bardés, the Pelegrí
stained-glass workshop, and the ceramic products of
the factories La Roqueta de Mallorca and Hijo de Jaime
Pujol y Bausis in Esplugues de Llobregat, among others.
Batlló has been restored on various occasions
and, although it currently remains a private building,
some parts can be rented for private acts.
Item of National Interest since 1969.