CALVET HOUSE (1898-1899)
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CRITICAL COMMENTARY

A building between two others, destined for commerce and housing, commissioned by the children of Pere Màrtir Calvet, industrialists who were dedicated to textile manufacturing and who were a clear example of a newly emerging social class: the bourgeoisie. For this reason, the Calvets had the house built on Carrer Casp, considered at that time a select street.

The building consists of six levels (basement, ground floor, mezzanine, and three floors) maintaining the structural typology of other buildings of the same period: the bottom floors were designated for the family business, the mezzanine was for the owners’ residence, and the rest of the floors were to rent. Gaudí did, however, incorporate new solutions; the exterior has a carefully-treated facade, which has a great deal of movement thanks to various balconies and a spectacular entablature, and the interior has a staircase with two interior patios that let light into the interiors of the floors. Other aspects of the interior that stand out are the decoration of the entryway, the design of the elevator, and that of several functional elements, such as doorknobs, peepholes, and handles. The management office and the offices of the owners’ textile company are also significant; Gaudí designed easy chairs, tables, and chairs adapted to the anatomy of the human body for them.

Casa Calvet remains a private residence and the ground floor houses, as it has for many years, a restoration establishment that has preserved many of its original elements.
Award from the Barcelona City Hall for the best housing building in 1900.

Cultural Item of National Interest since 1969.

     
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